Shree Kabbalamma Temple



Shree Kabbalamma Devasthan

The main temple is where Shree Kabbalamma vigraha is being worshiped. Pilgrims come every year to worship in lakhs.


After the nirvana of Mahavira, many rishis like Gouthamaganadhara became Jain gurus. Among them, when Bhadrabahuswamy was in Ujjain, he forecast that the country will be ravished by a famine for twelve years. Due to the fear of this anticipated disaster, the whole Jain association migrated from uttarapatha to dakshinapatha. They gradually came to the country of hundreds of folk people and gramas having Janadhanakanakasasya, Gomahishajaavikula, living happily and peacefully, says the history. Such migrated Jain rishis went to Katavapra (Shravanabelgola), Thippuru (Maddur Taluk) and Nimba grama (Channapatna Taluk), Gommatagiri (Mysore Taluk), Kanakagiri (Chamarajanagara Taluk) etc. Likewise, they came to Kabbalu Durga (Kanakapura Taluk) started their meditation according to their cadres. Seeing their difficulties in scaling the Kabbalu Durga, at the time when Jain religion was developing, i.e. during BC 900 to 1100, Ganga Raja or his children hike it and have got the steps carved at the cliff’s steep tip. They also built a water pond and small shelter on top for these Jain rishis. Subsequently, during the time, after the Hoysala period, a fort was built to this Kabbalu Durga.


Kabbalu grama is located in Sathanuru Hobli, Kanakapura Taluk, in Ramanagara District (Old Bangalore Rural District). This grama which is a flat area surrounded by hills and hillocks, is identified as Kabbalu Kuli. Kabbalu, Kamsagara, Attihalli, Hosalli, Vaderahalligerahalli, Arekattedoddi, Dalimba and such gramas are located in this Kabbalu Kuli. As a royal mukuta, Kabbalu Durga, Gerallibetta, Thailurukallu and Kuruchi hills are adorning the Kabbalu Kuli. Durga which is in the west of Kabbalu grama is quite tall, and the scenery visible from the top is magnificent. At the foot of the Durga towards east, Kabbalu grama is located. Though Hale Kabbalu and Hosa Kabbalu are located adjacent to each other, the Temple is located in Hale Kabbalu. The hill range is called Bhimana Bettagalu.

Kabbalu grama and its godess Shri.Kabbalamma/Kaalikadevi face the east and the Durga is in the west. Being in the shape of a conch, and is at a height of 1069 meters from sea level has historical prominence. In the north-east, there is a pond with stairs and a lake beside which is called Choulikatte. On the south of the Temple, the Kabbalu grama has developed and in the north, there is a vacant land belonging to the Temple. All people of all communities live here, with agriculture as their main occupation. Besides growing ragi, paddy, avare, huruli, groundnut, now many people are growing hippunerale soppu and are in busy in silk cocoons production.

Kabbalu Durga is historically known as Kabba Halu from the periods of Ganga and Hoysala dynasties. In the foothills grama, the grama godess, Kaalikadevi, in the name of Kabbalamma, has the temple. In the inscriptions of the Vijayanagar rule, Shri.Kabbalamma appears as Kaalikadevi. This temple is Vijayanagar style of simple architecture with square pillars without any carving. Sanctum tip is constructed with bricks and mortar which is of recent type. On the east of the Temple, there is a Bhairava Gudi, which has two faces called Kenchanna and Kariyanna, and has a compound and a front lounge. On the top of the Durga an ancient Bhimeswara Gudi, a pond and grain storage, are there. At the middle of the Durga a cave where an idol of Srinivasa Murthy is established, has evolved into a small temple. This small temple has on its sides two small water ponds. The Durga is enveloped by a protective fort.

The region at the base of the Durga is called Koteshwara Katte, entrance with four stone walls, Gollara Bagilu, a pond with stairs like a Kaagadi are situated. On top of the Durga, among the weather-affected remains of monuments, a ragi storage, on the south a corner to push down the dead body, are all of architectural importances. On the western fall, remains of a place said to belong to Paleyagara can be seen. On the south-west of these remains, foundation stones of Shri.Kabbalamma are found broken. On the north-west of the remains of this palace, there is a weapons storage house.


Every year during annual jatre thousands of pilgrims climb the Kabbalu Durga to Worship Sree Kabbalamma. Once the pilgrims is on top of the hill they can see the original temple as shown above.  You can also see remaining of the fort of Kabbalu durga. There is a pond and a recently built Devara Gudi at the fareast corner of the hill.


Nandi Temple is located adjacent to Shree Kabbalamma Temple. Pilgrims can provide their prayers to Nandi.


Kabbalu-Jaatre celebrated every year on the last week of Maagha maasa,.

The ritual, Kunkuma-dhaarana to the godess is observed. On this day two young boys get ready with pair of oxen bound to a plough, as the auspicious start of farming activity, they plough a patch of land. This marks the start of farming activity to the people of the grama.

After that, fire ambers from burning sandal wood is brought from the temple in a metal pail and poured over the Shri.Srinivasa idol. Local farmers explain the significance of this ritual: After offering their namaskaras to the Shri.Kabbalamma, pray to remove all the impatience and the burning bad feelings from their minds. The archaka also lights the lamp and touches the pail of ambers to the Godess and prays to fulfil the devotees’ requests, and offers the devotees to receive the mangalarathi. The devotees then feel that their bad thoughts burning out like the ambers and feel fulfilled. So the devotees believe that Shri.Shrinivasa burned like the sandal pieces, their own bad thoughts and feel purified. This is the symbol of their belief in the ritual. This is a method whereby, devotees believe, the God removes all their bad and harmful feelings. This is an ancient form of psychotherapy.

Special Pooja is offered to Shri.Shri.Kabbalamma

Homa, abhisheka as per the tradition is the first pooja offered to the Godess by the specified dynasty family. After the poornahuti the first pooja to Shri.Shri.Kabbalamma is offered by the past Shyanubhog, Shri.Ramaiah’s family members. On the installation of this idol, Shri.Ramaiah started and continued to offer poojas, he was sole reason for this. Later, his family members also gave up offering poojas. However his family members have retained, even today, the right to offer pooja, as a part of this worship programme. So, when on this auspicious day of their pooja, no one will be inside the Sanctum. After he completes the pooja, the others are allowed to perform pooja. Shri.Ramaiah’s family members are continuing to perform the special pooja even today.

On this third day of Jaatre pooja, farmers from surrounding 7 gramas come in procession with their pair of oxen pulling noga with two lengths of wood logs. They first lamp light to the Godess, go around the temple three times. Dump the logs into the Konda in front of the temple, have their oxen blessed with theertha, get darshan of the godess then return to their gramas. This is the traditional ritual which is followed till today. They make the logs into three parts and with the permission of the Hosa Kabbalu people, light the fire.

Early morning, the godess idol is taken to the big pond near the Kabbalu grama, and then taking the idol back to the temple is a special ritual. Pooja is performed to Shri.Kabbalamma and requesting her to come to the grama, the idol is brought back from the Pond. At that time, people of the grama adorn the idol with Nademudi, and with mangala vadya, folk dance and such cultural performance, the idol is brought back with celebration. By the time, the procession idol of Shri.Shri.Kabbalamma comes to the entrance of the Konda, grama’s chiefs and along with Shri.Ramaiah’s are brought to the entrance of the Konda in a procession is also a practice. Again at the Konda pooja is performed at the Konda, and Konda is made ready with the permission of the godess, archaks of the temple first pass on the Konda

In one of such years, to witness this great celebration, the Taluk’s Amaldaar had arrived. The ritual of passing on the Konda continued to be practised. For some reason, bringing the heads of the grama and the family members of Shri.Ramaiah got delayed. Regretting that the ritual got delayed because of them, the family members discussed among themselves and decided to discontinue participate in this ritual.

The fourth day pooja celebrations continued. Afternoon, the chariot procession, then processions of Shri.Shri.Kabbalamma and Shri.Basaveshwara gods took place.

The event is ‘Sidi’. First, pooja is performed to the Sidi pole, then it is installed and pooja is performed. This Sidi pole is like a weighing balance, a Kaagadi is tied to one end and a rope at the other end. Collecting a fixed charges from the person who had committed to do Sidi, will be made to sit in the Kaagadi, appointed expert volunteers hold the rope, maintaining balance, go about one round. In the olden times, the same Sidi was being performed only when the Kabbalu Durga shadow fell on the Sidi pole. Now things have changed.

Continued celebrations on Tuesday, the 5th day of the Jaatre: Evening, in the procession of Pallakki, devotees from Kanakapura participate.

Marusidi is performed. After a special pooja to Shri.Shri.Kabbalamma. devotees continue to participate in the Sidi programme.

Special poojas to Shree Kabbalamma.

Abhisheka, pooja, Havana-homa etc are performed to Shree Kabbalamma in the temple.


Tade Seva is conducted here for the pilgrims who want Drishti Nivarana.